His wealth greatly surpassing anyone today. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita (c. 1214 – c. 1255) and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa (Musa Keita). BY: Habeeb Salloum/Contributing writer. Discuss the contributions of Mansa Musa to the greatness of Mali empire. Mansa Musa, the Mali Empire’s greatest ever ruler, was said to have spent so much gold in the markets of the Egyptian city that the value of bullion crashed by 20%. He Made A Legendary Pilgrimage To Mecca Emperor Musa . He performed his Hajj in 1324. He is believed to be the grandson of Sundiata, the founder of the dynasty. Embracing an area more than half a million square miles, the kingdom of Mali was undoubtedly one of the richest and most prosperous on earth in the 14 th century. This paper will give a short account of Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage and the role it played in history. His extravagant pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in 1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world. Mansa means emperor so Mansa Musa means Emperero Musa. Mansa Musa (about 1280 – about 1337) was an emperor (manse) of the Mali Empire during the 14th century. He put a governor in charge of each province. Mansa Musa Ruler of Mali (r. 1312-1337). Shortly after Mansa Musa’s return Timbuktu fell his troops as well. Before embarking on a long and somewhat arduous pilgrimage to Mecca (called a Hajj in the Muslim religion), then-emperor Abubakari II deputized Musa to temporarily assume his role. When Mansa Musa, the emperor of Mali in the 14th century, returned from Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca, he was accompanied by Arab scholars, bureaucrats and architects, whose collective influence on Mali was markedly positive. Mansa Musa - An African Empire Builder Whose Wealth Awed Medieval Europe. While Mansa Musa was on his Hajj, one of his generals, Sagmandia (Sagaman-dir), captured the Songai capital of Gao. Mansa Musa was the leader of Mali a West African empire which became the largest and richest empire in Africa under Mansa Musa. 2. Its territory touched the Atlantic Ocean to the west and extended as far as the bend in the Niger River to the east. The Mali Empire (1240-1645 CE), the largest and richest empire yet seen in West Africa, was founded by Sundiata Keita (aka Sunjaata, r. 1230-1255 CE). The journey of Mansa Musa, the emperor of West African Empire, to Mecca, however, stands above most of them. Mansa Musa was a 14th century African emperor who ruled over the Mali Empire for 25 years. Learn more about the Mali empire here. Mali empire, trading empire that flourished in western Africa from the 13th to the 16th century. While his wealth is the most famed, it is not the only aspect of this sultan’s rule. When Mansa Musa, the emperor of Mali in the 14th century, returned from Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca, he was accompanied by Arab scholars, bureaucrats and architects, whose collective influence on Mali was markedly positive. Mansa Musa was declared ruler in 1307. It’s under his rule that the Mali empire became known to the rest of the world. One of the first things he did was to divide the empire into provinces. Emperor Abu Bakr II appointed Mansa Musa as the deputy who would take care of the Mali Empire, while he went off to explore the Atlantic Ocean to a more significant degree. Here are 10 facts about Mansu Musa: 1. Mansa Musa was the great-great-grandson of Sunjata, who was the founder of the empire of Mali. It later outgrew its political and military strength and by about 1550 ceased to be important as a political entity. History of the king of the African Islamic empire of Mali, Mansa Musa and his relation with Abu-Bakr while still being of royal lineage. When he took over as king, the empire of Mali had grown so big that Mansa Musa knew he could not hear all the concerns of all his people. The Empire of Mali arose from the ruins of Ghana Empire. The Mali Empire was founded out of the remains of the Ghanaian Empire. 2. Mansa Musa and Decline of the Empire. He was the first African ruler to be widely known throughout Europe and the Middle East, and is regarded as the richest person to have ever lived. He left a realm notable for its extent and riches—he built the Great Mosque at Timbuktu—but he is best remembered in the Middle East and Europe for the splendor of his pilgrimage to Mecca (1324). The Mali Empire came to an end in 1610 with the death of the last Mansa, Mahmud IV. Mansa Musa ruled for 25 years, bringing prosperity and stability to Mali and expanding the empire he inherited. The emergence of Mali as an empire has roots in the Battle of Kirina, when the Mandinka king, Sundiata, defeated Sumanguru, leader of the Kingdom of Tegrur. He was the first African ruler to be widely known throughout Europe and the Middle East, and is regarded as the richest person to have ever lived. The Manding languages were spoken in the empire. His 25-year reign (1312-1337 CE) is described as “the golden age of the empire of Mali” (Levztion 66). Mansa Musa. Covering roughly 500,000 square miles of land, it was the biggest empire West Africa has ever known. Mansa Musa I made his initial fortune from the gold and salt mines of West Africa. Mansa Musa (about 1280 – about 1337) was an emperor (mansa) of the Mali Empire during the 14th century. Musa did not have a strong claim to ruling the Mali Empire… Musa Keita I (c. 1280 – c. 1337) was the tenth Mansa, which translates as “sultan” (king) or “emperor”, of the wealthy West African Mali Empire. He became a legend in Europe, Africa and Asia. While Sunjata focused on building an ethnic Malinke empire, Mansa Musa developed its Islamic practice. Since the Mali empire was built upon the remains of the Ghana empire, the Mansa’s initial wealth came from the salt and gold mines of West Africa. Read more about Mansa Musa here. Mansa Musa ruled the West African empire of Mali using great skill and organization. By traveling to Mali, Mansa Musa helped spread the thoughts of Mali a way that portrayed the power and wealth of the empire, thus he made Mali an even greater world power. However, Abu Bakr II never returned. The number of people it involved and the financial side of it causes its relevance, which was impressive for the 14 th century Africa. The spread of its language, laws and customs have played an important role in determining the culture of West Africa today. The architect Ishaq El Teudjin, in particular, introduced a number of advanced building techniques. The architect Ishaq El Teudjin, in particular, introduced a number of advanced building techniques. Contributed by Prof. Dr. Nazeer Ahmed, PhD. Each village had a mayor. In the 1400s, the empire began to lose control along the edges of its borders. Fall of the Empire of Mali Not long after the rule of Mansa Musa ended, the Mali Empire began to grow weak. He was the son of Abu Bekr II, who was the son of a sister of Sundiata’s, making Mansa Musa the great-grandson of Sundiata. Mali achieved the apex of its territorial expansion under Mansa Musa. In 1307, Mansa Musa came to the throne. In the annals of African history, no one has left more of an imprint on the outside world than Mansa Kankan Musa, ruler of Mali from 1312-37 A.D. He was the grandson of Sundiata’s half brother, and ruled Mali at a time of great prosperity, during which trade tripled. When he left his palace, 300 guards and his special musicians who played music wherever they went always accompanied him. Mansa Musa. A kingdom measuring several hundreds of miles across, the conquest of Songhai greatly extended the Mali Empire. One of the Mali Empire’s most famous rulers, Mansa Musa, was celebrated for his piety and fair judgement. Kings and History of Mali – Lineage of Mansa Musa. The rulers of Mali came to be called mansa, meaning “emperor” or “master.” Mansa Musa was Mali’s most renowned king, ruling from 1312 to 1337 CE. By traveling to Mali, Mansa Musa helped spread the thoughts of Mali a way that portrayed the power and wealth of the empire, thus he made Mali an even greater world power. How did Mansa Musa elevate the standing of the Mali Empire in the world? Mansa Musa and the Kingdom of Mali. He became emperor in 1312. Musa I of Mali, more famously known as Mansa Musa (Kanku Musa in Mali), has become renowned for his great wealth. There are two important names in the history of Islam in Mali: Sundiata (1230-1255) and Mansa Musa (1312-1337). He Was The 10th Ruler Of The Mali Empire. The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni or Niani; also historically referred to as the Manden Kuruowca, sometimes shortened to Manden) was an empire in West Africa from c. 1235 to 1670. Musa I of Mali, mansa (emperor) of the West African empire of Mali from 1307 (or 1312). I think the correct answer from the choices listed above is option D. Mansa Musa affect the Mali Empire by the pilgrimage to Mecca that boosted trade. posted on: May 18, 2016. Mansa Musa was a great believer and promoter of … It helped build trade relations and helped spread Islam. [1] Emperor Mansa Musa I came to reign over the Malian Empire through somewhat strange means. The Mali Empire was one of the largest empires in West Africa. 3. During his reign Mali may have been the largest producer of gold in the world at a point of exceptional demand. Having never left Mali, Mansa Musa really did not know that the appearance of his people was anything out of the ordinary in the Muslim world. Mansa Musa was emperor of the West African Mali Empire. PEUK A2422 Version 1.0 • Oct 2020 • DCL1: Public Reading list 6 History Topic of the Month: Mansa Musa Books Mansa Musa and the Empire of Mali by P. James Oliver (2013) The State of Africa by Martin Meredith (2013) Mansa Musa: Emperor of The Wealthy Mali Empire by History Titans (March 2020) He attracted commerce and scholarship to the country, and Timbuktu became one of the capitals of the Islamic world. He became emperor in 1312. What 3 things formed the basis of Mali's economy?, How did the empire of Mali grow rich?, On the Taghaza-Wangara trail, what travelled south and what travelled north?, What was the general rate of exchange of gold to salt? Mali rose to the apogee of its power under Mansa Musa (1307–32?). H is reign had a significant impact on northwest Africa, particularly in regards to its integration into the Islamic World. Mansa Musa and his adventures put the kingdom of Mali on the map. 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