Currently there is one government high school, King George V and Elaine Bernacchi School in Bikenibeu. South Tarawa has very limited water resources for its rapidly growing population. There are also several private Christian high schools:[19]. The population of this country is relatively small, just over 100,000. Kiribati gained its independence in 1979, became a member of the United Nations in 1999 and has a population of 115,000. It is unclear how much of the erosion being experienced on South Tarawa is due to sea-level rise and how much is due to human activities (such as building inappropriate seawalls and mining sand and gravel from the beaches and foreshores. The atoll is about three meters above sea level—roughly the height of a bus—and has an average width of just 450 meters.It is also one of the most densely populated places in the Pacific: this narrow stretch of land encompasses about half of the country’s population of 110,000 people. Copra produced on the outer islands is processed on Betio, producing copra oil for the international market and other products which are sold locally. Most of South Tarawa is less than 3 metres (9.8 feet) above sea level with an average width of only 450 metres (1,480 feet).[4]. Flugh. High population density, poor hygiene practices, and inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure and services have contributed to a high prevalence of waterborne disease and … Other previously declared water reserves have been relinquished for urbanisation or abandoned due to overpumping and pollution from human settlement. The nation’s capital, South Tarawa, is a series of islets with a total land area smaller than 15 km2. [5] The island has been built from sediments from the lagoon. There is a range of accommodation available for visitors and for those working short term in South Tarawa. Details are available from Tourism Kiribati. South Tarawa (in Gilbertese Tarawa Teinainano) is the capital and hub of the Republic of Kiribati and home to more than half of Kiribati's population. South Tarawa, including Betio, the port and commercial centre of Tarawa, has an extremely high population density. Much of this land is not available for use, including the water reserve and runway, the causeways, and a large area of reclaimed land at Temwaiku, the eastern corner of the atoll, which is too swampy and low-lying. Kiribati 2005 census of population and housing. South Tarawa is the economic hub of Kiribati, the location of the main port and airport and of most of the state-owned enterprises and private businesses. [6], The process of soil accumulation is driven by the dominant easterly trade winds and can be reversed during extended periods of westerly winds during El Niño–Southern Oscillations. According to Kiribati legend, Tarawa was created by Nareau the Spider. [13], Because of the shortage of fresh water, sanitation systems must use saltwater for flushing. Tarawa Tarawa is an atoll and the capital of the Republic of Kiribati, in the central Pacific Ocean.It comprises North Tarawa, which has 6,629 inhabitants and much in common with other more remote islands of the Gilberts group, and South Tarawa, which has 56,388 inhabitants as of 2015, half of the country's total population. There is a fish processing plant producing tuna for export. Republic of Kiribati 1980, Vol. The 2015 population census is the 13th population census in Kiribati since the first census in 1931 and many people and organizations have been involved in the planning and preparatory activities—during the actual census enumeration phase, and in the subsequent coding and data [14], The Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development (MELAD) is involved in the replanting of mangroves in selected sites to help against coastal erosion; however, much more is required to protect many of the sites eroded on South Tarawa including islets that once were protected with mangrove and iron-wood (tengea) trees. The coral island is just 6.5 feet above sea level and rising sea levels due to climate change are causing the island to become smaller each year and pushing the residents further inland. The South Tarawa population center is made up of all the small islands between Bairiki (on the west) to Temaiku on the east. Betio was the location of the Battle of Tarawa. Bonriki / Kiribati (Gilbert-Inseln)", "Vulnerability of Freshwater Lens on Tarawa – The Role of Hydrological Monitoring in Determining Sustainable Yield", "ADB and Australia to Help Kiribati Improve Sanitation, Public Hygiene (Press Release)", "Largest cities in the world ranked by population density", "Kiribati profile on New Zealand's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade official Site", "Politics: Easing congestion and overcrowding", Ministry of Internal and Social Affairs (Kiribati), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Tarawa&oldid=996374152, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eita/Taborio; Abairarang (scout) Is. South Tarawa is Kiribati’s capital and largest city, home to over half of its population. [2] The South Tarawa population centre consists of all the small islets from Betio in the west to Bonriki and Tanaea in the north-east, connected by the South Tarawa main road, with a population of 56,388 as of 2015 [ update ] . High population density, poor hygiene practices, and inadequate water and sanitation infrastructure and services have contributed to a high prevalence of waterborne disease and … Total land area 12 square miles (31 square km). South Tarawa is one of the most densely populated areas in the Pacific. The rural population of Kiribati lives in villages dominated by Western-style churches and large open-sided thatched meetinghouses. The climate in South Tarawa is a Tropical rainforest climate (Koppen: Af) which is warm and humid all year round and average rainfalls are relatively high. During the frequent droughts, the only source of water is the shallow freshwater lens that permeates the coral rock of the atoll. image caption Kiribati's main island - South Tarawa - has a population density similar to Tokyo or Hong Kong The Pacific island chain of Kiribati is one of … Численность населения Южная Тарава. South Tarawa (in Gilbertese Tarawa Teinainano) is the capital and hub of the Republic of Kiribati and home to more than half of Kiribati's population. The government fears South Tarawa’s population could double to more than 100,000 by 2030 unless the birth rate and internal migration slows. Unemployment and underemployment are a serious problem; in 2010 only 34% of urban adults (over 15) were engaged in cash work; the remaining two-thirds are either out of the labour force, unemployed or engaged in subsistence activities. Before its formation, Tarawa was a part of Earth when the land, sky, and ocean had not yet been separated. [7], These islets are now joined by causeways, forming one long islet on the reef along the southern side of the Tarawa Lagoon. The capital has about 60,000 residents in 6.08 square miles (15.76 square kilometers), given got a population density of 9,267 persons per square mile. It has invested in facilities such as the South Kiribati Hospital to spread institutions and services out around the islands and relieve South Tarawa from overcrowding.[18]. Overcrowding is a major contributor to disease and impacts the water lens. Without access to family lands or government housing, many South Tarawa residents have no choice but to become squatters; disputes over land are common. [2] The South Tarawa population centre consists of all the small islets from Betio in the west to Bonriki and Tanaea in the north-east, connected by the South Tarawa main road, with a population of 56,388 as of 2015[update]. Abaokoro (Guide) Is. It is home to about 50,180 residents, which is half of Kiribati’s entire population. Kiribati is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean. The combination of overcrowding and inadequate water, sanitation, and poor hygiene behaviors is closely linked to waterborne diseases such as diarrhea and dysentery. 1, S. 6–7, "TABITEUEA NORTH 2008 Socio-Economic Profile", King George V and Elaine Bernacchi School, National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of Kiribati, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Japanese occupation of the Gilbert Islands, Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development. Tarawa is an atoll and the capital of the Republic of Kiribati, in the central Pacific Ocean. The highest point on South Tarawa is only a few meters above sea level, making the island extremely vulnerable to natural disasters. Back Neck Shoulder Massager with Heat - Deep Tissue Kneading Electric Back Massage for Neck, Back, Shoulder, Waist, Foot - Shiatsu Full Body Massage, Relax Gift for Her/Him/Friend/Dad/Mom Name Abbr. A large portion of its territory has been designated as the Phoenix Islands Protected Area, a protected marine area, and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tarawa island is central to Kiribati mythology and culture, but life on South Tarawa was little different to that on other islands before it was selected in 1895 as the seat of colonial government for the Protectorate of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Households on South Tarawa do not have the option to retreat from coastal erosion, as the atoll is narrow and already crowded. Check out the best Southtarawa for sale. Increasing urbanisation has raised the population of South Tarawa to 50,182. The effects of floods and associated soil salination are starting to threaten limited freshwater supplies.[10]. 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