You should be comfortable with the concepts of chord extensions, altered harmony, and rootless voicings. It is usually considered the forerunner of both jazz and rock, and it breaks many of the conventions of classical music theory. (Like before, white dots denote root notes and blue dots refer to blue notes.). For example, the major scales feel happy and bright. It’s ideal that you understand how to construct major and minor scales bef… And here’s the major blues scale pattern: Pretty straightforward, isn’t it? In western music theory terms, the blues scale is practically inexplicable. Some of the best Blues solos are made of just a handful of notes played at the right moment. I mentioned that the minor blues scale sounds OK over the whole sequence, so let’s look at how it fits against chords I … So just what are the ‘blue notes’ to add to the pentatonic scale? The blues was born out of the African slave trade in the United States. Then he adds the flatted fifth “ (flat five”) to the minor pentatonic scale and shows you how he uses that scale to play on an A blues. To learn more about Minor Blues Chord Progressions, how it differs from the Major Blues from, and how to play these chords in various keys on the fretboard, check out Minor Blues Chord Progression Theory and Blues Rhythm video lesson. The flatted seventh degree of the minor pentatonic lines up with the flatted seventh in the V7/IV chord which ties the chord progression and the leads together. The chord progression of the minor Blues is similar to the one of the dominant Blues we have already seen, but with one important difference: now we are in a minor key, so all these chords are minor. You’ll see why soon. Piano chords are formed from musical scales. We spend a sunny afternoon having a close encounter with the 1958 Gibson Flying V owned by Dave Davies between 1965-1992 and used for some iconic Kinks performances. Trade speed with single-note expression and your solo will sound more in-style. 8. Of course, the minor pentatonic already has a ♭3. Make sure you are playing in time with the other instruments (it does not matter if it’s just a backing track or if you have a live band backing you). This may look intimidating, but they’re essentially several octave boxes strung together diagonally. Blues Backing Tracks In the following we will do everything in the key of Am, but the same patterns and licks will apply in all keys. In lessons 1 & 2, we covered the fundamentals of left hand voicings of chords in our standard 12 bar minor blues. The chord progression of the minor Blues is similar to the one of the dominant Blues we have already seen, but with one important difference: now we are in a minor key, so all these chords are minor. Enhancing The Minor Blues Form. In the following example, we will insert our first secondary dominant chords. Here is a diagram of the scale with the b5 marked in red. The latest guitar news, reviews and features delivered to your inbox. Everything remains the same as in the minor pentatonic scale, save for the addition of the ♭5 note. Before we dive into the lesson, you’ll need to be familiar with pentatonic scales. In the major blues scale, it’s a ♭3, while in the minor blues scale, it’s a ♭5. By Brent Vaartstra. But too much of it can be overpowering and, ultimately, unpleasant. This move to the IV (or subdominant) offers some interest to the listener. In the A minor key, that’s an E♭. These are the notes that sound better on the chord, and the ones that you should finish your phrases on when playing. We provide insight and opinion about gear, artists, technique and the guitar industry for all genres and skill levels. March 3, 2017. In the key of Am (where the I chord is Am, the IV chord is Dm and the V chord is Em) the chord progression becomes: Here is one possible way to play this chord progression (You can hear an audio file of this tab by clicking HERE): The beautiful thing in playing the Blues is its simplicity. And no traditional western scale has three adjacent chromatic notes, the blues scale’s F, F-sharp and G. The minor scales, on the other hand, feel sad and have a dark and serious atmosphere. Understanding how to derive these notes will grant you deeper insight into blues scales and how they’re entwined with their pentatonic cousins. Single-octave boxes are the building blocks of diagonal patterns that stretch across the entire length and width of the fretboard. Howlin’ Wolf’s timeless Chicago blues classic is a repository of stunning guitar playing from Hubert Sumlin, a cast of supporting players and the Wolf himself. The key to make the Blues scale sound good is to learn the “target notes” for each chord. In our final part of our look at the stylings of the legendary Three Kings, we tackle the searing style of Freddie King. Here is the 12 bar blues progression. Guests appearing include the likes of Mark Tremonti, Zach Myers and Jimmy Herring. Blues Progressions – Theory and Practice . Quickly blooming into one of the most exciting young guitar players in the UK, Frater-Taylor details her journey from discovering Cubase to dreams of a Mercury Prize nod. Now, on to the fun stuff. The progression then moves back down to the I for two measures providing some relief from the previous assent. Minor blues is so much more expressive than the major one. This is a very simplistic definition and does not cover all variations of blues, but since this topic is only introductory, this definition helps … So its versatility makes the blues scale one of the more important scales you’ll learn. ), and D. As you can see, some notes of the chord are not in the scale. Most improvisers will use either a C major pentatonic (C, D, E, G, A, C) or a C minor pentatonic (C, D, E♭, G, A, B♭) over the C blues. Both the major and minor blues scales are, essentially, pentatonic scales with an added ‘blue note’. If you don’t know on what chord you are, just use the pentatonic scale (that contains only “safe” notes). Coltrane uses the major 7th on the i chord several times in his improvisation on this tune. Chad starts by showing you the minor pentatonic scale, in this case in A minor, and then shows you how he improvises over an A blues by using the A minor pentatonic scale. It is fairly easy to finger on the guitar, fun to solo with and a great way to begin playing in a jazz guitar setting. Phrasing. Half a century after his first self-titled solo volume, and 40 years on from the synth-heavy second entry in the series, Paul emerges from ‘rockdown’ with part three. The action is sky high, it won’t play in tune and the neck is coming off. Putting the theory into practice Minor blues scale. We will then look at enhancing the minor blues form with inversions, substitutions and rehamonisations. Here is the Blues scale: a minor pentatonic scale with an added b5. Since the key of F appears on the Circle of fifths diagram as both a major and minor key, the Lesson steps explain both ways of constructing this blues scale for this key:. We can also introduce passing chords to add harmonic interest to the 12 bar minor blues progression. Blues scales play very well on dominant chord. On the other hand, one of the “extra” notes played at the right moment on the right chord will make you sound way better than just the pentatonic alone. One of the most important song forms in jazz is the blues. 4. Though it was used to electrifying effect in the second half of the 1960s by Jimi Hendrix and Dave Davies and later became iconic, the Flying V’s take off was somewhat delayed. F blues scale. The E-flat in the C blues scale makes it sound minor, but the scale is customarily played on top of major chords. Once you’ve got the pentatonic box patterns down, it won’t take you long to get the hang of their blues equivalents. Lesson 1 focuses on foundational aspects of the blues, examining its history, innovation, and evolving harmonic structure. In general when someone references the blues scale, they are usually discussing the blues scale as it is derived from the minor pentatonic scale. The December 2020 issue of Guitar Magazine is out now! However, it’s not enough to memorise the blue notes for all the keys. The same goes for the G major blues scale: Finally, here’s the diagonal pattern for the G major blues scale: And there you have it, the blues scale. In short, we can define blues as being a 12-bar structure where we play with 3 chords (first, fourth and fifth degrees), all with sevenths. It starts on the I (or tonic) for four measures then moves up to the IV for 2 measures. Despite its name, the blues scale isn’t exclusive to the likes of Stevie Ray Vaughan and BB King. That note is also referred to as the “worried note”, and earned its nickname from its jarring, almost dissonant nature within its ‘parent’ major or minor scale. The January 2021 issue of Guitar Magazine is out now! Learning Jazz Jazz Theory. You can however also derive the blues scale from a major pentatonic scale, giving some creedence to the idea that there are both major and minor blues scales. But don’t get your violins out just yet because this Höfner 500/1 is getting a second chance to twist and shout. Then begin improvising on a major or minor blues structure, just using blues scale notes. Music in the major keys have an excited and cheerful sound. The September 2020 issue of Guitar Magazine is out now. The 4 Blues Scales. These guitar-heavy tracks will get you in the mood for holiday fun – but they’re not the usual fare you’ll hear at this time of year. Used tastefully, though, and it can create delicious licks. Here are the formulae for minor and major blues scales. Since the blues scale is only one note added to a pentatonic scale and seeing as the major and minor pentatonic scales are related, just learn your pentatonic shapes and know where to add the blues note. The November 2020 issue of Guitar Magazine is out now! Guitar.com is the world’s leading authority and resource for all things guitar. Van der Merwe supports his theory with the observation that in blues, the minor third interval has a similar function to the leading tone in Western tonal theory. We then introduced inversions, substitutions, passing chords, and turnarounds to add interest and variety to the chord changes. 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