Functionalism is a macro theory which means it looks at a wider sociological view. Functionalists have been criticised for placing too much emphasis on the nuclear family. In other words, it looks at how the family, as an institution, helps in maintaining order and stability in society, and the significance of the family for its individual members. The role of the female is to provide personality stabilisation, emotional support and child rearing. How do Functionalists view the family? Functionalists believe the family contributes to society’s basic needs and helps maintain social order. In general, these definitions focus on the relationship between the family and the society and the functions of different family members, and how the family helps its individuals. Society, according to functionalists, is made up of sub-systems that depend on each other and help society to work. Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family in society. 33 marks – 25 minutes. As Item B stated, the functionalist viewpoint of the family is that the family is a vital ‘organ’ in maintaining the ‘body of society. Broadly speaking, the functionalist perspective has focused on the functions of the family in society and for its members. Functionalist View of the Family Social institutions are the structures in society which influence behaviour such as the family, education, media and religion. A family is a kinship – people related by blood or marriage. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Theoretical perspective Major assumptions; Functionalism: The family performs several essential functions for society. Universal nuclear family is a family that consists of 2 generations, parents and children and Murdock believes that this family type exists all over the world and is the best family type. Family in the 1970s: For functionalists, the family creates well-integrated members of society and teaches culture to the new members of society. Functionalist depicts everything as positive in the family while radical psychiatric looks at the negative side of the family. The Functionalist definition of the family includes a set of definitions that various functionalists have stated on the family. Men gain more in a family than women. George Murdock and Talcott Parsonss were two of the most influential figures to contribute to the functionalist perspectives of the family. Video Questions Worksheet Cornell Notes. Start studying Functionalist view of the family. Feminism is a conflict theory that sees the family as patriarchal. Tjhis essay discusses the functionalist viewpoint of many sociologist shuch as Murdock’s four main functions of the family and Parsons’ ideas about primary socialisation and development of personalities. Snippet from Video: Functionalists adhere to the principle that a society creates a value consensus; or shared norms and values among its members which facilitates cooperation and harmony to meet societal needs and shared goals. Just like an organ in the human body, functionalists believe that the family enables society to function. The overall functionalist theory on the family is that it performs positive functions for individuals and society. In this essay the functionalist’s perspective will be examined on their viewpoint of the family. The family is the basic building block of society which helps to maintain social order and social cohesion. Also Marxists, feminists and new rights perspective will be taken into consideration. Females are seemingly in a submissive role, based on the 1950s view of married women, who are supposed to listen to and support their husbands. What is the Functionalist view of the family? Video Resources. 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