The results of the EVI are used to focus on planned solutions to negative pressures on the environment, whilst promoting sustainability. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) uses multiple smart indicators to estimate the vulnerability of the environment of a country to future shocks. 3.2 Generating the Component Maps for the Vulnerability Assessment As shown in Figure 1, we derived the overall climate change vulnerability index by overlaying a series of maps. Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps are an integral component in oil-spill contingency planning and assessment. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The most recent data available — for 2018 and from 1999 to 2018 — were taken into account. Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. Environmental vulnerability has been characterised by three components or sub-indices. In 2016 the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance, comprised of UN-Habitat, UN Environment and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, in collaboration with WWF and Columbia University conducted a detailed climate change vulnerability assessment of Labutta Township. The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). Myanmar. Vulnerability in Myanmar: A Secondary Data Review of Needs, Coverage and Gaps. An economic and environmental vulnerability criterion, involving a composite index (the economic and environmental vulnerability index) consisting of two sub-indices: an economic vulnerability sub-index and an environmental vulnerability sub-index. The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Myanmar places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Competitiveness Index in Myanmar averaged 3.26 Points from 2014 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 3.32 Points in 2016 and a record low of 3.22 Points in 2014. Gender Mainstreaming efforts are important role in Water Management. Myanmar is the 37th most vulnerable country and the 21st least ready country. Thus, a higher EVI represents a higher economic vulnerability. The ecological vulnerability was tightly correlated with vulnerability events and impacts. Myanmar – NEAT+ Environmental Scoping Report and Recommendations, October 2019. Using 32 performance indicators across 11 issue categories, the EPI ranks 180 countries on environmental health and ecosystem vitality. This chart shows the Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) by Country.. We proposed a grid level prototype model to obtain the weights varying with location. This study proposed a prototype model using geographically weighted principal component analysis to quantify ecological vulnerability at the grid level, and an analysis was conducted on the dynamic changes of ecological vulnerability along Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor during 2005–2015. Three criteria – GNI per capita, a human assets index (HAI) and an economic and environmental vulnerability index (EVI) – are applied to define which countries are … It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. Multidimensional poverty index (MPI) ... employment and vulnerability. These exigencies are both caused by and are the causal forces behind water insecurity. Launched in Nay Pyi Taw on June 27, 2019, the Poverty Report finds that there has been a notable decline in poverty between 2005 and 2017, but poverty and vulnerability to poverty still remain important issues in Myanmar. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor, a critical part of the Belt and Road Initiative program, is subject to the impact of various natural disasters and intense human activities, which have led to serious ecological vulnerability. In 2016 the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (MCCA), implemented by UN-Habitat and UN-Environment, on behalf of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, conducted a detailed climate change vulnerability assessment of Labutta Township, in collaboration with … These sub-indices focus on ecosystem integrity and how it is threatened by anthropogenic and natural hazards. To be able to capture the complexity of these aspects of environmental vulnerability requires the development of a variety of indicators that target different spatial and temporal scales and hierarchical levels of the ecosystem. Myanmar - Myanmar - Climate: Although Myanmar is located in the monsoon region of Asia, its climate is greatly modified by its geographic position and its relief. ... Environmental sustainability. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other … An indicator system for 23 spatial variables was established based on Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response framework to calculate the ecological vulnerability index. According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020, Myanmar has had the highest weather-related losses in the past two decades, alongside Puerto Rico and Haiti. Contribution of deprivation in standard of living to the Multidimensional Poverty Index. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is among the first of tools now being developed to focus environmental management at the same scales that environmentally significant decisions are made, and focus them on planned outcomes. This is a list of countries by natural disaster risk, as measured in the World Risk Index, calculated by the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and featured in the 2016 World Risk Report (WRR 2016) published by the Alliance Development Works/Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).. A lower value of the Environmental Vulnerability Index is beneficial for the environment and for the Green Economy in general. The 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) provides a data-driven summary of the state of sustainability around the world. The results revealed that ecological vulnerability has been rising progressively, particularly in the mountainous areas. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. (5) Women participation should be upgraded in water sector. They serve as a source of information in the event of an oil spill incident. Abstract. National Water Policy in Myanmar … Many indicators used in determining this score were updated in April 2017 with the most recent data available from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey from the US Census Bureau. Cutter et al. Employment to population ratio (% ages 15 and older) n.a. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other geographies (such as Antarctica). It is said that Myanmar is also one of the most vulnerable countries at risk of climate crisis. (4) Nowadays, Myanmar has reached a serious turning point in the use of water resources in an effective, efficient and equitable manner. 2. This indicator is a composited indicator, which means trends of one or several indicators which are part of this composited indicator could be masked by trend of other indicators, the composited indicator consist of. Resources and Environmental Conservation, implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UN-Environment) and funded by the European Union. As revealed from the results, the ecological vulnerability has been rising progressively, particularly in the mountainous areas, and most of the protected areas are at medial to very heavy vulnerability level. The cluster principle was adopted to split the ecological vulnerability into five vulnerability levels, namely, potential, light, medium, heavy, and very heavy. 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