Describe the religious policies of the Akbar Share with your friends. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. Ans : Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Short notes on the Deccan Policy of the Mughals. CBSE > Class 07 > Social Science 1 answers; Yogita Ingle 2 years, 1 month ago. Before examining Akbar’s religious policies, one should also pay heed to the religious challenges posed to the emperor during his reign. He was a true democrat who valued the feelings and … This was the so called The peasants were saved from the caprices and whims of the Zamindars and Jagirdars. Q6: Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar? That's where Akbar was educated and took to journalism." His aim was to wipe out the differences that kept people apart and to bring about unity among them. At that time, there was hardly any trouble in the transfrontier regions. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. However, it is also accepted that the policy of sulh-i-kul, which formed the essence of Dīn-i Ilāhī, was adopted by Akbar as a part of general imperial administrative policy. Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. a)Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. The emperor’s service was also opened to them and their sons, which offered financial rewards as well as honour. Akbar’s works are found in the book Akbarnama written by Abul Fazal. Evolution of Akbar’s Religious Policy ... 49 5. Akbar the Great's tolerance of other religions is also noticeable in his marriages to women of various faiths, most noteably Jodha Bai, a Hindu daughter of the House of Jaipur. •Explain why Muslim and Hindu traditions clashed and how they blended. An aggregate of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and a decennial average was fixed as demand of the revenue. He realized that to establish a strong empire, he had to gain the confidence of his Hindu people who were the majority in India. Akbar’s rule was marked by wide religious tolerance and liberal outlook. He was looking forward to the troubles convulsing Badakhshan and he was more concerned with them. Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. Share 0. Objectives . According to Abul Fazl the empire was divided into provinces called subas-which were governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. Its last volume is called the Ain-i-Akbari. He could have very well undertaken a campaign in the Deccan but he did not. It contains elaborate discussion of the broad features of administration laid down by Akbar. The Rajput policy of Akbar was unique as it not only helped to end the long drawn conflict between the Rajputs and Mughal ruler but also helped Akbar in the consolidation of his empire. It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. Akbar’s Policies. He abolished the pilgrimage Tax and Reziya. One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). •Summarize the policies of Akbar that strengthened Mughal India. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. Akbar was a Muslim. The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. They both wanted to look out for the well-being of their people by developing educational opportunities and the translations of sacred books. Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! 3.1 - Describe ONE way in which Akbar's response to religious diversity compared to the practices of the Mongols during the 13th century. Religious Policy. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. - the answers to estudyassistant.com The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . Akbar’s religious policies. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. He gained popularity from different groups when he allowed temples to be built, or when he eradicated jizya. Abul Fazl wrote a book titled Akbar Nama. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Administration ... 70 6. Sulh-i-kul means "universal peace". Luthra spoke at length about Akbar being "an honourable and respectable man", listing his achievements as a journalist, author and an MP. This brought certainty to collections and alleviated the problem of peasants to great extent. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. Right to Education (RTE) 1. Reference may be made to the reforms made by Akbar in the field of Sayurghals. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. •Describe the impact of the Delhi sultanate on India. Akbar ordered that the settlement should be concluded for past 10 years. Akbar became the de jure king in 1556 at the age of 13 when his father died. Bhara Mal, the ruler of Amber, married his younger daughter Harkha Bai to Akbar. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of Rajputs, a martial clan among Hindus and he could get rid of the influ­ence of his own conspirator nobles and kinsmen. Social, Cultural and Economic Institutions ... 134 7. It resulted in the development of a composite culture. Referring to the Vogue article by Ramani , Luthra pointed out that Ramani had used the following words to describe Akbar: "You were one of my professional heroes." India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. Akbar’s Religious Policy. His reforms included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. Akbar was a very judicious ruler who reformed the judicial system according to the Hindu laws. T he religious policy of Akbar was extremely liberal. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. Akbar also took a Christian wife, Maria Zamani Begum, who had her own chapel in one of Akbar's palaces. Describe Rajput policy of Akbar Report ; Posted by Vishnu Byju 2 years, 1 month ago. According to Abu'l-Fazl, the emperor was a universal agent of god, and so his sovereignty was not bound to any single faith. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Answer: 2 question A) Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely success- ; ful for Mughal Empire and is considered as the best examples of his diplomatic skills. Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. Berar. Din-i-ilahi was a religious path suggested by Akbar. After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1583-84 occurred the Gujarat Rebellion. Akbar's actions and policies had a long lasting effect on the people of his empire. Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom. While Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri, he started a discussion on religion with the ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests who were Roman … Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… Akbar was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India. 2. Personality and Character ... 162 Bibliography... 171. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . A closer look at Akbar’s policies. Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of revenue. In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. The greatest of the Mughal's emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural development, and policies of integration and organization. MUGHAL INDIA – TUTORIAL 2 MUGHAL-RAJPUT RELATIONS IN AKBAR’S REIGN The evolution of relations between the Mughals and the Rajputs during the reign of Akbar can be placed within more than one historical context. The peasants must have welcomed the policy of saving the cows, 4)ufTaIoes, camels and oxen and the maintaining of pastures. He openly pronounced his faith in the principle of universal toleration and tried to eliminate the deeprooted antagonism of Muslims towards Hindus. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. Akbar divided his kingdom into provinces called subas governed by a Subedar. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. He had equal respect for all religion and did not discriminate between his subjects on the basis of religion. He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. Religious policy of Akbar: Akbar was liberal-minded and tolerant of other religions. Akbar. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. The impact of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and decennial. Are the most abhorred was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India opportunities and the British brought its. 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