The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . Akbar's actions and policies had a long lasting effect on the people of his empire. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. Akbar. His aim was to wipe out the differences that kept people apart and to bring about unity among them. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. This was the so called Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Akbar’s rule was marked by wide religious tolerance and liberal outlook. Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. Akbar was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India. It resulted in the development of a composite culture. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… Akbar became the de jure king in 1556 at the age of 13 when his father died. They both wanted to look out for the well-being of their people by developing educational opportunities and the translations of sacred books. Akbar ordered that the settlement should be concluded for past 10 years. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely success- ; ful for Mughal Empire and is considered as the best examples of his diplomatic skills. It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. He had equal respect for all religion and did not discriminate between his subjects on the basis of religion. Bhara Mal, the ruler of Amber, married his younger daughter Harkha Bai to Akbar. Ans : Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. He realized that to establish a strong empire, he had to gain the confidence of his Hindu people who were the majority in India. The greatest of the Mughal's emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural development, and policies of integration and organization. ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1583-84 occurred the Gujarat Rebellion. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). Akbar divided his kingdom into provinces called subas governed by a Subedar. Right to Education (RTE) 1. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. Din-i-ilahi was a religious path suggested by Akbar. Akbar also took a Christian wife, Maria Zamani Begum, who had her own chapel in one of Akbar's palaces. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Akbar was a Muslim. The emperor’s service was also opened to them and their sons, which offered financial rewards as well as honour. Personality and Character ... 162 Bibliography... 171. He was a true democrat who valued the feelings and … Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . - the answers to estudyassistant.com He could have very well undertaken a campaign in the Deccan but he did not. Before examining Akbar’s religious policies, one should also pay heed to the religious challenges posed to the emperor during his reign. Sulh-i-kul means "universal peace". He was looking forward to the troubles convulsing Badakhshan and he was more concerned with them. Referring to the Vogue article by Ramani , Luthra pointed out that Ramani had used the following words to describe Akbar: "You were one of my professional heroes." MUGHAL INDIA – TUTORIAL 2 MUGHAL-RAJPUT RELATIONS IN AKBAR’S REIGN The evolution of relations between the Mughals and the Rajputs during the reign of Akbar can be placed within more than one historical context. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. Describe the religious policies of the Akbar Share with your friends. After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. A closer look at Akbar’s policies. That's where Akbar was educated and took to journalism." Reference may be made to the reforms made by Akbar in the field of Sayurghals. According to Abu'l-Fazl, the emperor was a universal agent of god, and so his sovereignty was not bound to any single faith. He abolished the pilgrimage Tax and Reziya. The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. Akbar was a very judicious ruler who reformed the judicial system according to the Hindu laws. His reforms included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. Religious Policy. 3.1 - Describe ONE way in which Akbar's response to religious diversity compared to the practices of the Mongols during the 13th century. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. Akbar’s Religious Policy. •Explain why Muslim and Hindu traditions clashed and how they blended. He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. He openly pronounced his faith in the principle of universal toleration and tried to eliminate the deeprooted antagonism of Muslims towards Hindus. Akbar the Great's tolerance of other religions is also noticeable in his marriages to women of various faiths, most noteably Jodha Bai, a Hindu daughter of the House of Jaipur. The peasants must have welcomed the policy of saving the cows, 4)ufTaIoes, camels and oxen and the maintaining of pastures. Answer: 2 question A) Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. Short notes on the Deccan Policy of the Mughals. Social, Cultural and Economic Institutions ... 134 7. Akbar’s works are found in the book Akbarnama written by Abul Fazal. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. 2. Q6: Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar? An aggregate of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and a decennial average was fixed as demand of the revenue. Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of revenue. He gained popularity from different groups when he allowed temples to be built, or when he eradicated jizya. a)Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. Describe Rajput policy of Akbar Report ; Posted by Vishnu Byju 2 years, 1 month ago. Religious policy of Akbar: Akbar was liberal-minded and tolerant of other religions. Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom. Luthra spoke at length about Akbar being "an honourable and respectable man", listing his achievements as a journalist, author and an MP. CBSE > Class 07 > Social Science 1 answers; Yogita Ingle 2 years, 1 month ago. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of Rajputs, a martial clan among Hindus and he could get rid of the influ­ence of his own conspirator nobles and kinsmen. According to Abul Fazl the empire was divided into provinces called subas-which were governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. At that time, there was hardly any trouble in the transfrontier regions. Akbar’s Policies. •Summarize the policies of Akbar that strengthened Mughal India. Evolution of Akbar’s Religious Policy ... 49 5. They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. While Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri, he started a discussion on religion with the ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests who were Roman … The Rajput policy of Akbar was unique as it not only helped to end the long drawn conflict between the Rajputs and Mughal ruler but also helped Akbar in the consolidation of his empire. In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. However, it is also accepted that the policy of sulh-i-kul, which formed the essence of Dīn-i Ilāhī, was adopted by Akbar as a part of general imperial administrative policy. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. Akbar’s religious policies. T he religious policy of Akbar was extremely liberal. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. Berar. •Describe the impact of the Delhi sultanate on India. Share 0. Its last volume is called the Ain-i-Akbari. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. Administration ... 70 6. The peasants were saved from the caprices and whims of the Zamindars and Jagirdars. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. Objectives . One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. It contains elaborate discussion of the broad features of administration laid down by Akbar. Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. Abul Fazl wrote a book titled Akbar Nama. 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