This demoralised Aurangzeb and his forces but immensely boosted Maratha morale. A general order prohibiting the employment of the Hindus in the revenue department was passed in 1670. Shivaji initiated his attack first by capturing the fort of Torangarh and then eventually constructed a series of forts all over the Deccan region. In accordance with this policy in 1723 he made an incursion into Malwa, collected chauth, which deeply hurt the Mughal Empire. Sharma, writing about the acts of religious intolerance of Aurangzeb has observed, “These were not the acts of a righteous ruler of constructive statesman, but the outbursts of blind fanaticism, unworthy of the great genius that Aurangzeb undoubtedly possessed in all other aspects.”. Reference : https://www.indiaolddays.com/, Address Posted by 1 day ago. The Maratha soldiers fell upon the army of Bijapur and routed them. Now I am going alone. All about India History & Current Affairs. He hailed the Maratha army's might, stating that, "The arms, horses, and equipments of this force were in such excellent order, that no one of the royal or Hindustani armies had ever reached so high state of discipline!" This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. May 18, 1637 AD Aurangzeb was married to Princess Dilrass Bano Begum (Rabiya Bibi) of the Persian monarchy. Raja Jaswant Singh betrayed Aurangzeb one night before his main battle with Shah Jahan's army by fleeing from his rearguard entrenchment massacring and looting all the Mughals there, which led Aurangzeb to forever hold a grudge against Jaswant Singh and the Rathores. Aurangzeb issued very strict instructions to the officers regarding the collection of Jaziya: “You are free to grant remissions of revenue of all other kinds; but if you remit any man’s Jaziya which I succeeded with great difficulty in laying on the infidels it will be an impious charge and will cause the whole system of collecting the poll tax to fall into disorder.” It is alleged that when thousands of Hindus gathered to protest against this measure, the Emperor directed his elephants against the people so that many people fell trodden to death, under the feet of the elephants. Akbar had abolished this tax on the Hindus but Aurangzeb again levied this tax. It led to several conflicts and wars in different parts of the country. His reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening the entire structure of the Mughal empire. 1. Aurangzeb relied on the friendship of Rajput and this was clear when he appointed Maharaja Jaisingh to handle with Shivaji in Deccan. These letters also indicate that he himself considered himself a failure as a ruler. Archives Test 5 : History Optional Mains Marathon Q1.Akbar build Mughal Empire by enlisting support of Rajput, Aurangzeb destroyed it by eliminating them. Seeing his plan failing, Aurangzeb ordered his sons, Shah Alam and Azam Shah, to attack the Maratha army from two sides. Sikandar Adilshah died in a short life of 32 years. The religious fanaticism of Aurangzeb overshadowed his virtues. Forcing the, As a result of the Treaty of Purandar, Shivaji was handed over to his Mughals with four lakhs of rupees, and promised to help the Mughals against, Under the terms of the Treaty of Purandar, in the, 1690 AD Until the Mughal empire was on its climax, which spread from. Shah Alam led his forces to face Marathas at the Karnataka border, whereas Azam Shah attacked Khandesh. Strange that I came with nothing into the world and now go away with this stupendous caravan of sins! Four generations of Marathas Shivaji (1640-80), Shambha ji (1680-89), Rajaram (1689) -1700) and war against Tarabai (1700-1707), his widow. There is simply no comparison between Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Delhi Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (“Man of Ideas”) the two were totally different. There is no hope for me in the future. Aurangzeb maintained the empire for nearly half a century and in fact extended it in the south as far as Tanjore (now Thanjavur) and Trichinopoly (now Tiruchchirappalli). His chief aim was to convert Dar-ul-harb (India: the country of Kafirs or infidels) to Dar-ul-Islam (country of Islam). What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? I commit your and your sons to the care of God and bid you farewell. Shaista Khan barely escaped his life, but his thumb was cut off. public, internal interest and personal finance (commercial fines). Aurangzeb made his first coronation on July 21, 1658, in Delhi after the conquest of Samujarh and after assuming power in Agra and assumed the title of Abul Muzaffar Alamgir. I commit you and your sons to the care of God and bid you farewell. Over 70 Maratha sardars actually assembled to receive Shahu. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. On the place called Bohan near Ujjain, Shah Jahan’s dear wife Mumtaz Mahal was born in the womb. Whatever I look I see only God. I grieve for your helplessness. Aurangzeb in 1665 AD Jai Singh sent against Shivaji. Restrictions on Hindu educational institutions: For destroying the culture of the Hindus, Aurangzeb destroyed their several educational institutions at Varanasi, Multan and Thatta. His Deccan campaigns against the Shia Sultans were also the outcome of his expansionist policy. However, Aurangzeb cancelled the arrangements at the last minute, as he was uncertain about the intentions of the Maratha. In the twelfth year of his rule, he ordered the demolition of all important and famous temples within his empire. Deccan policy of Aurangzeb had political as well as religious purpose. All these rebellions destroyed the peace of the empire, disrupted its economy, weakened the administrative structure, diminished its military strength, led to the failure of Aurangzeb to make any impact. Aurangzeb issued order that except Rajputs, no Hindu could ride an elephant, a horse and a palanquin. Do you agree? Every torment I have inflicted, every sin I have committed, every wrong have done, I carry the consequence with me. Shivaji's father Shahji had served as an officer in the kingdom of Bijapur that Shivaji now claimed as Maratha land. The Rajputs were the greatest obstacle in his pursuance of policy against the Hindus. The Hindu children were disallowed to study the fundamentals of their faith. Farewell!”, “Soul of my soul. Yet he chose this course, and adhered to this with unbending resolve through close on fifty years of unchallenged sovereignty.”, Dr. S.R. Aurangzeb also felt that the existence of these states enabled the Marathas to enrich themselves. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was the founder of the Maratha Empire and he passed away in 1680. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In Mewar alone, he is said to have demolished 240 temples. He was an imperialist and he wanted to strengthen his hold on his subjects. Aurangzeb in 1665 AD In the first instance, King Jaysingh (Jaipur) sent to repel. The general view of historians is that Aurangzeb entirely reversed the policy of religious toleration followed by Akbar and it resulted in serious revolts among the Hindus. However, in 1689 Sambhaji was captured and executed by the Mughals on various charges, including rape and murder. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Q3. Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618 AD. Answer: Aurangzeb wanted to crush the growing powers of the Maratha’s. His methods were iconoclasm, sacrilege, economic repression, bribery, forced conversion and restriction of worship.”. Aurangzeb welcomed Sikandar Adilshah, gave him the title of Khan and an annual pension of 1 lakh rupees. 4. Jagatpura, Jaipur-303905, indiaolddays.com Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. 1663 AD In Shivaji, secretly attacked the castle of Shaista Khan at Poona in night. Netaji Palkar was the second Sardar Senapati or Sarnaubat (Commander-in-Chief, Duke) of the Maratha Kingdom under Shivaji, the historical founder of the Maratha empire. image source: gopalwrites.files.wordpress.com/2013/10/d3b72-p3.jpg, He must have been fully conscious of the dangerous path he was pursuing, and well aware … against every Hindu sentiment. It is said that as the destruction of Napoleon by the canker of Spain, destruction of the Deccan destroyed Aurangzeb. 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